Animals including humans
Knowledge Organiser (Animals including Humans)
Learning: What is the human circulatory system?
First have a go at the Systems in the Body activity sheet below to see what you remember from Year 3 and 4. Take care because the answers are included! Have a look at the answers when you are done to see how much you did remember.
Then watch this video about how the heart works: https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/clips/z9dg9j6
Next, read throught the Circulatory System Powerpoint and learn all about the different parts of the circulatory system, names of the parts of the system and how they work.
Then have a go at the labelling of the circulatory system and the heart using the Parts of the Circulatory System activity sheet. Use the Parts of the Heart and Parts of the Lung word mats if you need to.
You could then have a go at the Comparing Circulatory Systems activity sheets for an extra challenge, and then the Circulatory System wordsearch.
Circulatory System documents
Learning: What are the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood?
Read the Circulatory System Powerpoint and note the three main parts of the Circulatory system in the learning title above. Do you understand why they are denoted as red and blue? Are they really red and blue? Do you really have blue blood?
Pay close attention to the names of all the parts of the heart and the flow of blood in and out of the heart.
There is a very helpful simulation of how the heart functions here: https://library.med.utah.edu/kw/pharm/hyper_heart1.html
Then read the Circulatory System Comprehension and have a go at the questions.
Next you have to try and create a game about the Circulatory System. There are three examples mentioned in the Powerpoint. The resources you need for creating your game are below.
Learning: Why do we need nutrients?
First have a look at the initial slide on the Transporting Water and Nutrients Powerpoint and see if you can match the food group to the explanation. (This is a recap of your Science learning from Year 3 and 4.)
Then you are asked to remember the functions of the digestive system, also from your previous learning. Have a go at the Digestive Functions activity sheet to see what you remember – if you need help you can use the answers on the Powerpoint.
Read the next slides in the Powerpoint and learn how the body works to extract nutrients from our food and drink. Use the Transporting Water and Nutrients planning activity sheet to make notes about this process. (Try not to just copy from the Powerpoint slides, remember to use important key words and keep it brief – you will need this information for the next part).
Next you should create your own poster, using these notes, to explain how nutrients and water are transported around the body.
Finally – using a grown up (and any other members of your family) – try to present your poster and explain how the body transports nutrients around the body. Being able to explain in your own words can really help you begin to remember your learning.
You could even upload a video of your explanation, and poster, and it could be used next year for the new Year 6 class (instead of me!).
As an extra challenge you could have a go at the Where are nutrients needed activity sheet too.
Learning: What is a healthy lifestyle?
Think of some of the things you have been doing during lockdown – what foods have you been eating and what activities have you been doing (or not doing)? Try and make two lists – Healthy and Unhealthy – of things you have eaten (or not eaten) and things you have done (or not done).
Then look at slide number 4 of the Healthy Lifestyle Powerpoint – are any of them on this slide?
Have one of the Diet and Exercise Planning sheets available and read the rest of the information in the Powerpoint slides and make notes as you go along (you’ll need this information later when you create a poster).
Next, if you are able to, research the impact of diet and exercise on the body, using the internet (or information books). Make notes on the planning sheet you have already been using.
Then, using all the information you have gathered, create a poster, information text or brochure about the impact that diet, exercise and a healthy lifestyle can have on the body.
As an extra challenge you could do any of these:
- Keep a healthy lifestyle exercise diary (record sheet below).
- Research what constitutes a healthy lifestyle for a pet or favourite animal (planning sheet below).
- Have a go at these Healthy Lifestyle online games: http://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/4_11/uptoyou/
Enjoy and let me know how you get on – post photos of your posters if you can.
Learning: How do I prove that exercise has an impact on the body?
Today you will be planning and conducting an investigation into how exercise has an impact on the body. You will be measuring and recording results and drawing a conclusion.
You will learn the meaning of consensus. To reach a consensus about your conclusion we will need to see the results and conclusions from others who have conducted this investigation. So post your results and conclusions!
Read carefully the information in the Exercise Investigation Powerpoint; you may need a grown up to help you take your pulse or if you have a Fit Bit (or other similar type of smart watch - you won't need to take your pulse because it will show you!).
You need a question to start your investigation and then plan what you will do. Use the Exercise Investigation sheet to help you plan your investigation.
You could present your results in a graph or other type of data representation (refer to the Powerpoint).
Write up your findings in a Report; you could use the Exercise Investigation Report activity sheet to help structure your conclusion.
What have you learnt about exercise? Can you design a poster that promotes your findings?
As an extra challenge you could try the exercises out on different members of your family and measure their pulse rates too (using the Compare Pulse Rates activity sheet).
Let me know how you get on.